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Barry B. Lee, Hao Sun, Dingcai Cao; Macaque ganglion cell responses to probe stimuli on modulated backgrounds. Journal of Vision 2010;10(12):26. doi: 10.1167/10.12.26.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
In the natural environment, visual targets have to be detected and identified on changing backgrounds. Here, responses of parasol (magnocellular) ganglion cells to probes on modulated backgrounds are described. At low frequency, the adaptation level of the background influences the probe response, but with increasing frequency there is a strong interaction with the response to the background per se, so that on- and off-center cell responses are modulated in different phases. Interactions with the background response include both thresholding effects (when the cell's firing is suppressed and no pulse response occurs) and saturation effects (when the background response is vigorous the pulse generates few additional spikes). At 30 Hz, the effect of the pulse is largely a suppression or phase shift of the background response. The data are relevant to the probed-sinewave paradigm, in which pulse detection thresholds are modulated with pulse phase relative to a sinusoidal background. The physiological substrates of the psychophysical results with the probed-sinewave paradigm appear complex, with on- and off-center cells likely to contribute to detection at different pulse phases.
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