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Cong Yu, Stanley A. Klein, Dennis M. Levi; Cross- and Iso- oriented surrounds modulate the contrast response function: The effect of surround contrast. Journal of Vision 2003;3(8):1. doi: 10.1167/3.8.1.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The detectability and appearance of visual targets can be modulated by surround stimuli. In this study we asked how cross- and iso-oriented surrounds modulate contrast detection and discrimination in foveal vision. We systematically measured the Threshold-versus-Contrast (TvC) functions over a wide range of pedestal and surround contrasts. Our results show that cross-oriented surrounds lower the contrast threshold over the entire range of pedestal and surround contrasts, but iso-surround modulation of the TvC function is dependant on the relative contrast, being facilitative when the surround/pedestal contrast ratio Csur/Cped < 1 and suppressive when Csur/Cped > 1. Data fitting indicates that cross-surround modulation (facilitation) is mainly due to improved gain, except at very low and high surround contrasts. Iso-surround modulation on the other hand is more complicated, probably reflecting more than one surround process as determined by the relative contrast.
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