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Gang Luo, Fernando Vargas-Martin, Eli Peli; The role of peripheral vision in saccade planning: Learning from people with tunnel vision. Journal of Vision 2008;8(14):25. doi: 10.1167/8.14.25.
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Both visually salient and top-down information are important in eye movement control, but their relative roles in the planning of daily saccades are unclear. We investigated the effect of peripheral vision loss on saccadic behaviors in patients with tunnel vision (visual field diameters 7°–16°) in visual search and real-world walking experiments. The patients made up to two saccades per second to their pre-saccadic blind areas, about half of which had no overlap between the post- and pre-saccadic views. In the visual search experiment, visual field size and the background (blank or picture) did not affect the saccade sizes and direction of patients ( n = 9). In the walking experiment, the patients ( n = 5) and normal controls ( n = 3) had similar distributions of saccade sizes and directions. These findings might provide a clue about the large extent of the top-down mechanism influence on eye movement control.
*Normal controls in walking: 145/min.
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