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Dagmar A. Wismeijer, Casper J. Erkelens; The effect of changing size on vergence is mediated by changing disparity. Journal of Vision 2009;9(13):12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/9.13.12.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
In this study, we investigated the effect of changing size on vergence. Erkelens and Regan (1986) proposed that this cue to motion in depth affects vergence in a similar way as it affects perception. The measured effect on vergence was small and we wondered why the vergence system would use changing size as an additional cue to changing disparity. To elucidate the effect of changing size on vergence, we used an annulus carrying both changing size and changing disparity signals to motion in depth. The cues were either congruent or signaled a different depth. The results showed that vergence was affected by changing size, however in an opposite way than that perception was affected. These results were incongruent with those reported by Erkelens and Regan (1986). We therefore additionally measured the effects on vergence of the individual parameters associated with changing size, i.e., stimulus area, retinal eccentricity, and luminance. Stimulus (retinal) eccentricity was inversely related to vergence gain. Luminance, on the other hand, had a smaller but positive relation to vergence gain. Thus, changing size affected the disparity signal two-fold: it changed the retinal location of the disparity signal and it changed the strength of the disparity signal (luminance change). These effects of changing size on disparity can explain both our results (change in retinal location of the disparity signal) and those of Erkelens and Regan (1986; change in luminance). We thus conclude that changing size did not in itself contribute to vergence, rather its effect on vergence was mediated by disparity.
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