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Magella M. Neveu, Glen Jeffery, Anthony T. Moore, Steven C. Dakin; Deficits in local and global motion perception
arising from abnormal eye movements. Journal of Vision 2009;9(4):9. doi: 10.1167/9.4.9.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Albino mammals exhibit a range of visual deficits including disrupted hemispheric pathways, an underdeveloped central retina, and nystagmus. Recently, it has been reported that albino animals also show deficits in the processing of visual motion, exhibiting higher motion coherence thresholds (MCTs; the proportion of coherently moving elements within a field of randomly moving distracters required to reliably report direction). Here we compare MCTs—collected from human observers with albinism—with an equivalent noise analysis of their fine-direction discrimination and report that their loss in motion sensitivity operates at both the level of local motion processing (of small objects) and at the later stage of global motion pooling. We also compare results from observers with aniridia (characterized by underdeveloped central retina and nystagmus but normal hemispheric visual pathways) and a rare group of observers with albinism who show no nystagmus. For the observers tested, nystagmus proved to be a common feature of individuals showing elevated MCTs. Since it is likely that motion perception is influenced by environmental factors early in development we postulate that the effect of congenital nystagmus on the temporal structure of the natural visual diet disrupts the ability of motion pathways to form normally.
Note: HP—Hermansky–Pudlak Syndrome; “+” present; “−” absent.
Note: *Significantly different to normal; n = number of subjects; ? = minimum value of several attempts.
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