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Daniel Linares, Shin'ya Nishida; A synchronous surround increases the motion strength gain of motion. Journal of Vision 2013;13(13):12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/13.13.12.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Coherent motion detection is greatly enhanced by the synchronous presentation of a static surround (Linares, Motoyoshi, & Nishida, 2012). To further understand this contextual enhancement, here we measured the sensitivity to discriminate motion strength for several pedestal strengths with and without a surround. We found that the surround improved discrimination of low and medium motion strengths, but did not improve or even impaired discrimination of high motion strengths. We used motion strength discriminability to estimate the perceptual response function assuming additive noise and found that the surround increased the motion strength gain, rather than the response gain. Given that eye and body movements continuously introduce transients in the retinal image, it is possible that this strength gain occurs in natural vision.
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