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Wonyeong Sohn, Sang-Hun Lee; Asymmetric interaction between motion and stereopsis revealed by concurrent adaptation. Journal of Vision 2009;9(6):10. doi: 10.1167/9.6.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Although contingent aftereffects between motion and stereopsis have been referred to as behavioral evidence for the joint processing of the two features, the reciprocal nature of encoding the two features has not been systematically studied. Using a novel form of concurrent adaptation, we probed the perception of direction- and disparity-defined coherent surfaces in parallel before and after adaptation to a stimulus that moved in a single direction at a particular binocular disparity. Contrary to earlier findings, we found a strong asymmetry between motion and stereopsis: the detection of disparity signal after adaptation was more impaired when the test stimulus was moving in the adapted direction than in the non-adapted direction, whereas the test disparity hardly affected the detection of coherent motion. However, motion adaptation became dependent on disparity when we added another surface that was moving in the opposite direction at the opposite sign of disparity to those of the original adaptor, as in previous studies of contingent aftereffects. The observed asymmetric contingency between motion and disparity adaptation urges the reinterpretation of previously reported contingent aftereffects and suggests a corresponding asymmetry between neural mechanisms devoted to processing of motion and stereopsis in human visual cortex.
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