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Sara Mascheretti, Simone Gori, Enrico Giora, Luca Ronconi, Milena Ruffino, Ermanno Quadrelli, Andrea Facoetti, Cecilia Marino; Illusory Motion Perception Is Impaired in individuals with DCDC2 Intron 2 Deletion showing the Selective Role of Magnocellular-Dorsal Stream in Dyslexia. Journal of Vision 2015;15(12):481. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/15.12.481.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Developmental dyslexia (DD) is a heritable neurodevelopmental reading disorder that seems to arise from auditory, visual, and cross-modal integration deficits. A deletion in intron 2 of the DCDC2 gene (hereafter DCDC2d) increases the risk for DD. First, we show that illusory visual motion perception-specifically processed by the magnocellular-dorsal (M-D) stream- is impaired in children with DD compared with age-matched and reading-level controls. Second, we test for the specificity of the DCDC2d effects on the M-D stream. Children with DD and DCDC2d need significantly more contrast to process illusory motion in comparison to their counterpart without DCDC2d and to age-matched and reading-level controls. Regardless the genetic variant, children with DD perform typically in the parvocellular-ventral task. Finally, DCDC2d influenced illusory motion perception also in adult typical readers, showing that the M-D deficit is a potential neurobiological risk factor of DD rather than an effect of reading disorder. Our findings demonstrate, for the first time, that a specific neurocognitive dysfunction tapping the M-D stream is associated with a well-defined genetic susceptibility.
Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2015
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