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Lark Kwon Choi, Alan C. Bovik, Lawrence K. Cormack; The effect of eccentricity and spatiotemporal energy on motion silencing. Journal of Vision 2016;16(5):19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/16.5.19.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The now well-known motion-silencing illusion has shown that salient changes among a group of objects' luminances, colors, shapes, or sizes may appear to cease when objects move rapidly (Suchow & Alvarez, 2011). It has been proposed that silencing derives from dot spacing that causes crowding, coherent changes in object color or size, and flicker frequencies combined with dot spacing (Choi, Bovik, & Cormack, 2014; Peirce, 2013; Turi & Burr, 2013). Motion silencing is a peripheral effect that does not occur near the point of fixation. To better understand the effect of eccentricity on motion silencing, we measured the amount of motion silencing as a function of eccentricity in human observers using traditional psychophysics. Fifteen observers reported whether dots in any of four concentric rings changed in luminance over a series of rotational velocities. The results in the human experiments showed that the threshold velocity for motion silencing almost linearly decreases as a function of log eccentricity. Further, we modeled the response of a population of simulated V1 neurons to our stimuli. We found strong matches between the threshold velocities on motion silencing observed in the human experiment and those seen in the energy model of Adelson and Bergen (1985). We suggest the plausible explanation that as eccentricity increases, the combined motion-flicker signal falls outside the narrow spatiotemporal frequency response regions of the modeled receptive fields, thereby reducing flicker visibility.
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