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Mohammad-Reza A. Dehaqani, Mehdi Alizadeh Zarei, Abdol-Hossein Vahabie, Hossein Esteky; Impairment of perceptual closure in autism for vertex- but not edge-defined object images. Journal of Vision 2016;16(10):10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/16.10.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
One of the characteristics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is atypical sensory processing and perceptual integration. Here, we used an object naming task to test the significance of deletion of vertices versus extended contours (edges) in naming fragmented line drawings of natural objects in typically developing and ASD children. The basic components of a fragmented image in perceptual closure need to be integrated to make a coherent visual perception. When vertices were missing and only edges were visible, typically developing and ASD subjects performed similarly. But typically developing children performed significantly better than ASD children when only vertex information was visible. These results indicate impairment of binding vertices but not edges to form a holistic representation of an object in children with ASD.
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