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Leon Gatys, Alexander Ecker, Matthias Bethge; A Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style . Journal of Vision 2016;16(12):326. doi: 10.1167/16.12.326.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
In fine art, especially painting, humans have mastered the skill to create unique visual experiences by composing a complex interplay between the content and style of an image. The algorithmic basis of this process is unknown and there exists no artificial system with similar capabilities. Recently, a class of biologically inspired vision models called Deep Neural Networks have demonstrated near-human performance in complex visual tasks such as object and face recognition. Here we introduce an artificial system based on a Deep Neural Network that creates artistic images of high perceptual quality. The system can separate and recombine the content and style of arbitrary images, providing a neural algorithm for the creation of artistic images. In light of recent studies using fMRI and electrophysiology that have shown striking similarities between performance-optimised artificial neural networks and biological vision, our work offers a path towards an algorithmic understanding of how humans create and perceive artistic imagery. The algorithm introduces a novel class of stimuli that could be used to test specific computational hypotheses about the perceptual processing of artistic style.
Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2016
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