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Shunsuke Aoki, Akitoshi Kawano, Masahiko Terao, Ikuya Murakami; Time dilation in a perceptually jittering dot pattern. Journal of Vision 2016;16(14):2. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/16.14.2.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Although it is known that a moving stimulus appears to dilate in duration compared to a stationary stimulus, whether subjective motion devoid of stimulus motion is sufficient remains unknown. To elucidate this, we used a motion illusion in which an actually static stimulus clearly appears to move, a useful dissociation between actual and subjective motions. We used the jitter aftereffect resulting from adaptation to dynamic noise as such a tool and measured subjective durations of a static random-dot pattern in which illusory jitter was seen, an actually oscillating pattern mimicking the illusory jitter, and a static pattern without illusory jitter. Pattern oscillation as tiny as fixational eye movements robustly evoked time dilation, and time dilation to a similar extent was also induced by an actually static but subjectively jittering pattern. Taken together with the previous knowledge that this subjective jitter is related to a visually based compensation of spurious retinal image motions due to fixational eye movements, these findings demonstrate that visual duration computation is influenced by a representation at a high-level motion processing stage at which a stable visual world despite jittery retinal inputs has been established.
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