September 2017
Volume 17, Issue 10
Open Access
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   August 2017
Fusional Vergence differences between manual phoropter and automated phoropter
Author Affiliations
  • Efrain Castellanos
    Western University College of Optometry
  • Kevin Phan
    Western University College of Optometry
Journal of Vision August 2017, Vol.17, 160. doi:
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      Efrain Castellanos, Kevin Phan; Fusional Vergence differences between manual phoropter and automated phoropter. Journal of Vision 2017;17(10):160.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose: The use of automated phoropters is becoming common in ophthalmic clinics however "the clinical norms" utilized for evaluating vergences were obtained using the manual phoropter. We sought to investigate and compare the fusional vergence findings obtained with the automated phoropter (Nidek RT-5100) and the manual phoropter (Topcon). Methods: The study was conducted at the College of Optometry at Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona California where a total of 188 participants (optometry students) who were paired and individuals examined each other and performed vergence measurements. The vergence measurement was performed for both distance vision (20 feet) and near vision (40 centimeters) using the 1) manual phoropter 2) automated phoropter. The sequence of measurement was randomized. Results: A paired samples t-test was utilized to evaluate the vergence data of blur/ break and recovery was analyzed for each method using paired samples t-test. The mean values of blur/break and recovery was significantly different between the two phoropters at 20 feet p-values of 0.006, 0.013, and 0.002 respectively. At near distance (40 cms) convergence base out showed significant difference for recovery (p= < 0.0001) and divergence base in prism for break in fusional vergence (p=0.006). Conclusion: The vergence values obtained using an automated phoropter is significantly different when compared to values obtained using manual phoropter and the results obtained using these phoropters cannot be used interchangeably. Clinicians need to take this into account when making any clinical judgement involving any prism prescription. A new set of clinical norms might be needed as a clinical guideline when evaluating patients using automated phoropters.

Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2017


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