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Brian Vohnsen, Alessandra Carmichael, Najnin Sharmin, Salihah Qaysi, Denise Valente; Volumetric integration model of the Stiles-Crawford effect of the first kind and its experimental verification. Journal of Vision 2017;17(12):18. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/17.12.18.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The integrated Stiles-Crawford function is commonly used as apodization model for vision through the natural eye pupil. However, this method does not account for possible effects related to the retinal thickness, the large length-to-diameter aspect ratio of the photoreceptors, or the use of nonMaxwellian illumination. Here, we introduce a geometrical optics model to calculate the fraction of overlap between light at the retina and the photoreceptor outer segments where absorption triggers vision. The model, which does not account for photoreceptor waveguiding, is discussed for both Maxwellian and nonMaxwellian illumination. The integrated Stiles-Crawford effect is analyzed experimentally with a uniaxial pupil-size flicker methodology and we find that the psychophysical measurements match better to the geometrical optics predictions than direct integration of a Stiles-Crawford function.
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