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Yvonne Norgett, John Siderov; Effect of stimulus configuration on crowding in strabismic amblyopia. Journal of Vision 2017;17(13):5. doi: 10.1167/17.13.5.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Foveal vision in strabismic amblyopia can show increased levels of crowding, akin to typical peripheral vision. Target–flanker similarity and visual-acuity test configuration may cause the magnitude of crowding to vary in strabismic amblyopia. We used custom-designed visual acuity tests to investigate crowding in observers with strabismic amblyopia. LogMAR was measured monocularly in both eyes of 11 adults with strabismic or mixed strabismic/anisometropic amblyopia using custom-designed letter tests. The tests used single-letter and linear formats with either bar or letter flankers to introduce crowding. Tests were presented monocularly on a high-resolution display at a test distance of 4 m, using standardized instructions. For each condition, five letters of each size were shown; testing continued until three letters of a given size were named incorrectly. Uncrowded logMAR was subtracted from logMAR in each of the crowded tests to highlight the crowding effect. Repeated-measures ANOVA showed that letter flankers and linear presentation individually resulted in poorer performance in the amblyopic eyes (respectively, mean normalized logMAR = 0.29, SE = 0.07, mean normalized logMAR = 0.27, SE = 0.07; p < 0.05) and together had an additive effect (mean = 0.42, SE = 0.09, p < 0.001). There was no difference across the tests in the fellow eyes (p > 0.05). Both linear presentation and letter rather than bar flankers increase crowding in the amblyopic eyes of people with strabismic amblyopia. These results suggest the influence of more than one mechanism contributing to crowding in linear visual-acuity charts with letter flankers.
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