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Timothy G. Shepard, Safiya I. Lahlaf, Rhea T. Eskew; Labeling the lines: A test of a six-mechanism model of chromatic detection. Journal of Vision 2017;17(13):9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/17.13.9.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Six linear chromatic mechanisms are sufficient to account for the pattern of threshold elevations produced by chromatic noise masking in the (L,M) plane of cone space (Shepard, Swanson, McCarthy, & Eskew, 2016). Here, we report results of asymmetric color matching of the threshold-level tests from that detection study and use those matches to test the detection model. We assume the mechanisms are univariant labeled lines (Rushton, 1972; Watson & Robson, 1981), implying that the chromaticities of physically different stimuli that are detected by a single mechanism should all be the same—they are postreceptoral metamers—but the chromaticities of two stimuli detected by different mechanisms should be different. The results show that color matches fall into six clusters in CIE (u′,v′) space (across all the noise conditions) and that these clusters correspond closely to the six mechanisms in the model. Most importantly, where the detection model determines that a given test angle is detected by different mechanisms under different noise conditions, the hue of that test angle changes in a consistent way. These color matches allow us to apply a color label to each of the mechanisms, confirm the six-mechanism model, and quantify the hue signaled by each mechanism.
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