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Simon K. Rushton, Rongrong Chen, Li Li; Ability to identify scene-relative object movement is not limited by, or yoked to, ability to perceive heading. Journal of Vision 2018;18(6):11. doi: 10.1167/18.6.11.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
During locomotion humans can judge where they are heading relative to the scene and the movement of objects within the scene. Both judgments rely on identifying global components of optic flow. What is the relationship between the perception of heading, and the identification of object movement during self-movement? Do they rely on a shared mechanism? One way to address these questions is to compare performance on the two tasks. We designed stimuli that allowed direct comparison of the precision of heading and object movement judgments. Across a series of experiments, we found the precision was typically higher when judging scene-relative object movement than when judging heading. We also found that manipulations of the content of the visual scene can change the relative precision of the two judgments. These results demonstrate that the ability to judge scene-relative object movement during self-movement is not limited by, or yoked to, the ability to judge the direction of self-movement.
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