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Arvid Herwig, Katharina Weiß, Werner X. Schneider; Feature prediction across eye movements is location specific and based on retinotopic coordinates. Journal of Vision 2018;18(8):13. doi: 10.1167/18.8.13.
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With each saccadic eye movement, internal object representations change their retinal position and spatial resolution. Recently, we suggested that the visual system deals with these saccade-induced changes by predicting visual features across saccades based on transsaccadic associations of peripheral and foveal input (Herwig & Schneider, 2014). Here we tested the specificity of feature prediction by asking (a) whether it is spatially restricted to the previous learning location or the saccade target location, and (b) whether it is based on retinotopic (eye-centered) or spatiotopic (world-centered) coordinates. In a preceding acquisition phase, objects systematically changed their spatial frequency during saccades. In the following test phases of two experiments, participants had to judge the frequency of briefly presented peripheral objects. These objects were presented either at the previous learning location or at new locations and were either the target of a saccadic eye movement or not (Experiment 1). Moreover, objects were presented either in the same or different retinotopic and spatiotopic coordinates (Experiment 2). Spatial frequency perception was biased toward previously associated foveal input indicating transsaccadic learning and feature prediction. Importantly, while this pattern was not bound to the saccade target location, it was seen only at the previous learning location in retinotopic coordinates, suggesting that feature prediction probably affects low- or mid-level perception.
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