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Yuval Porat, Ehud Zohary; Learning to see through the saccadic veil. Journal of Vision 2018;18(10):1283. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/18.10.1283.
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Introduction: Visual sensitivity is markedly reduced during an eye movement. Peri-saccadic vision is also characterized by a mislocalization of the briefly presented stimulus closer to the saccadic target. These features are commonly viewed as obligatory elements of peri-saccadic vision. However, practice improves performance in many perceptual tasks performed at threshold conditions. In the current research we asked if this could also be the case with peri-saccadic perception. Methods & Results: To test this, we used a paradigm in which subjects reported the orientation (or location) of a horizontal or vertical ellipse briefly presented during a saccade. The aspect ratio of the ellipse' main axes was varied across trials. Thus some trials were extremely difficult (aspect ratio close to 1) while others were relatively easy (aspect ratio: 1>1). Practice on peri-saccadic orientation discrimination led to long-lasting gains in that task (i.e. a larger slope of the psychometric curve) but did not alter the classical mislocalization of the visual stimulus. Shape discrimination gains were largely generalized to other untrained conditions when the same stimuli were used (discrimination during a saccade in the opposite direction or at a different stimulus location than previously trained). However, performance dropped to baseline level when participants shifted to a novel Vernier discrimination task under identical saccade conditions. Furthermore, practice on the location task did not induce better stimulus localization or discrimination. Conclusions: These results suggest that the limited visual information available during a saccade may be better used with practice, possibly by focusing attention on the specific target features or a better readout of the available information. Saccadic mislocalization, by contrast, is robust and resistant to top-down modulations, suggesting that it involves an automatic process triggered by the upcoming execution of a saccade (e.g., an efference copy signal).
Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2018
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