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Samantha Petrovski, Gillian Rhodes, Linda Jeffery; Adaptation to dynamic faces produces face identity aftereffects. Journal of Vision 2018;18(13):13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/18.13.13.
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Face aftereffects are well established for static stimuli and have been used extensively as a tool for understanding the neural mechanisms underlying face recognition. It has also been argued that adaptive coding, as demonstrated by face aftereffects, plays a functional role in face recognition by calibrating our face norms to reflect current experience. If aftereffects tap high-level perceptual mechanisms that are critically involved in everyday face recognition then they should also occur for moving faces. Here we asked whether face identity aftereffects can be induced using dynamic adaptors. The face identity aftereffect occurs when adaptation to a particular identity (e.g., Dan) biases subsequent perception toward the opposite identity (e.g., antiDan). We adapted participants to video of real faces that displayed either rigid, non-rigid, or no motion and tested for aftereffects in static antifaces. Adapt and test stimuli differed in size, to minimize low-level adaptation. Aftereffects were found in all conditions, suggesting that face identity aftereffects tap high-level mechanisms important for face recognition. Aftereffects were not significantly reduced in the motion conditions relative to the static condition. Overall, our results support the view that face aftereffects reflect adaptation of high-level mechanisms important for real-world face recognition in which faces are moving.
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