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Vijay Singh, Nicolas P. Cottaris, Benjamin S. Heasly, David H. Brainard, Johannes Burge; Computational luminance constancy from naturalistic images. Journal of Vision 2018;18(13):19. doi: 10.1167/18.13.19.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The human visual system supports stable percepts of object color even though the light that reflects from object surfaces varies significantly with the scene illumination. To understand the computations that support stable color perception, we study how estimating a target object's luminous reflectance factor (LRF; a measure of the light reflected from the object under a standard illuminant) depends on variation in key properties of naturalistic scenes. Specifically, we study how variation in target object reflectance, illumination spectra, and the reflectance of background objects in a scene impact estimation of a target object's LRF. To do this, we applied supervised statistical learning methods to the simulated excitations of human cone photoreceptors, obtained from labeled naturalistic images. The naturalistic images were rendered with computer graphics. The illumination spectra of the light sources and the reflectance spectra of the surfaces in the scene were generated using statistical models of natural spectral variation. Optimally decoding target object LRF from the responses of a small learned set of task-specific linear receptive fields that operate on a contrast representation of the cone excitations yields estimates that are within 13% of the correct LRF. Our work provides a framework for evaluating how different sources of scene variability limit performance on luminance constancy.
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