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Jolande Fooken, Miriam Spering; Decoding go/no-go decisions from eye movements. Journal of Vision 2019;19(2):5. doi: 10.1167/19.2.5.
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Neural activity in brain areas involved in the planning and execution of eye movements predicts the outcome of an upcoming perceptual decision. Many real-world decisions, such as whether to swing at a baseball pitch, are accompanied by characteristic eye-movement behavior. Here we ask whether human eye-movement kinematics can sensitively predict decision outcomes in a go/no-go task requiring rapid interceptive hand movements. Observers (n = 45) viewed a moving target that passed through or missed a designated strike box. Critically, the target disappeared briefly after launch, and observers had to predict the target's trajectory, withholding a hand movement if it missed (no-go) or intercepting inside the strike box (go). We found that go/no-go decisions were reflected in distinct eye-movement responses on a trial-by-trial basis: Eye-position error and targeting-saccade dynamics predicted decision outcome with 76% accuracy across conditions. Model prediction accuracy was related to observers' decision accuracy across different levels of task difficulty and sensory-signal strength. Our findings suggest that eye movements provide a sensitive and continuous readout of internal neural decision-making processes and reflect decision-task requirements in human observers.
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