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T. Scott Murdison, Gunnar Blohm, Frank Bremmer; Saccade-induced changes in ocular torsion reveal predictive orientation perception. Journal of Vision 2019;19(11):10. doi: 10.1167/19.11.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Natural orienting of gaze often results in a retinal image that is rotated relative to space due to ocular torsion. However, we perceive neither this rotation nor a moving world despite visual rotational motion on the retina. This perceptual stability is often attributed to the phenomenon known as predictive remapping, but the current remapping literature ignores this torsional component. In addition, studies often simply measure remapping across either space or features (e.g., orientation) but in natural circumstances, both components are bound together for stable perception. One natural circumstance in which the perceptual system must account for the current and future eye orientation to correctly interpret the orientation of external stimuli occurs during movements to or from oblique eye orientations (i.e., eye orientations with both a horizontal and vertical angular component relative to the primary position). Here we took advantage of oblique eye orientation-induced ocular torsion to examine perisaccadic orientation perception. First, we found that orientation perception was largely predicted by the rotated retinal image. Second, we observed a presaccadic remapping of orientation perception consistent with maintaining a stable (but spatially inaccurate) retinocentric perception throughout the saccade. These findings strongly suggest that our seamless perceptual stability relies on retinocentric signals that are predictively remapped in all three ocular dimensions with each saccade.
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