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Egor Ananyev, Zixin Yong, Po-Jang Hsieh; Center-surround velocity-based segmentation: Speed, eccentricity, and timing of visual stimuli interact to determine interocular dominance. Journal of Vision 2019;19(13):3. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/19.13.3.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We used a novel method to capture the spatial dominance pattern of competing motion fields at rivalry onset. When rivaling velocities were different, the participants reported center-surround segmentation: The slower stimuli often dominated in the center while faster motion persisted along the borders. The size of the central static/slow field scaled with the stimulus size. The central dominance was time-locked to the static stimulus onset but was disrupted if the dynamic stimulus was presented later. We then used the same stimuli as masks in an interocular suppression paradigm. The local suppression strengths were probed with targets at different eccentricities. Consistent with the center-surround segmentation, target speed and location interacted with mask velocities. Specifically, suppression power of the slower masks was nonhomogenous with eccentricity, providing a potential explanation for center-surround velocity-based segmentation. This interaction of speed, eccentricity, and timing has implications for motion processing and interocular suppression. The influence of different masks on which target features get suppressed predicts that some “unconscious effects” are not generalizable across masks and, thus, need to be replicated under various masking conditions.
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