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Alexia Roux-Sibilon, Audrey Trouilloud, Louise Kauffmann, Nathalie Guyader, Martial Mermillod, Carole Peyrin; Influence of peripheral vision on object categorization in central vision. Journal of Vision 2019;19(14):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/19.14.7.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Predictive models of visual recognition state that predictions based on the rapid processing of low spatial frequencies (LSF) may guide the subsequent processing of high spatial frequencies (HSF). While the HSF signal necessarily comes from central vision, most of the LSF signal comes from peripheral vision. The present study aimed at understanding how LSF in peripheral vision may be used to generate predictive signals that guide visual processes in central vision. In two experiments, participants performed an object categorization task in central vision while a semantically congruent or incongruent scene background was displayed in peripheral vision. In Experiment 1, results showed a congruence effect when the peripheral scene was displayed before the object onset. In Experiment 2, results showed a congruence effect only when the peripheral scene was intact, thus carrying a semantic meaning, but not when it was phase-scrambled, thus carrying only low-level information. The study suggests that the low resolution of peripheral vision facilitates the processing of foveated objects in the visual scene, in line with predictive models of visual recognition.
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