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Liqiang Huang; Space of preattentive shape features. Journal of Vision 2020;20(4):10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.20.4.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Four decades of studies in visual attention and visual working memory used visual features such as colors, orientations, and shapes. The layout of their featural space is clearly established for most features (e.g., CIE-Lab for colors) but not shapes. Here, I attempted to reveal the basic dimensions of preattentive shape features by studying how shapes can be positioned relative to one another in a way that matches their perceived similarities. Specifically, 14 shapes were optimized as n-dimensional vectors to achieve the highest linear correlation (r) between the log-distances between C (14, 2) = 91 pairs of shapes and the discriminabilities (d′) of these 91 pairs in a texture segregation task. These d′ values were measured on a large sample (N = 200) and achieved high reliability (Cronbach's α = 0.982). A vast majority of variances in the results (r = 0.974) can be explained by a three-dimensional SCI shape space: segmentability, compactness, and spikiness.
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