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Rytis Stanikunas, Vaiva Kulbokaite, Algimantas Svegzda, Henrikas Vaitkevicius, Ausra Daugirdiene, Janus J. Kulikowski, Ian J. Murray; Chromatic fading following complete adaptation to unique hues. Journal of Vision 2020;20(6):20. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.20.6.20.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Profound vision loss occurs after prolonged exposure to an unchanging featureless visual environment. The effect is sometimes called visual fade. Here we investigate this phenomenon in the color domain using two different experiments. In the first experiment we determine the time needed for a colored background to appear achromatic. Four backgrounds were tested. Each represented the observers’ four unique hues. This adaptation time was compared with time to recover after adaptation Hue shifts at the end of the adaptation period were also measured. There were wide individual differences in adaptation times and recovery times. Overall recovery was faster than adaptation (p < 0.02). There were minimal shifts in hue. In the second experiment the changes in saturation (Munsell chroma) and lightness (Munsell value) of the background were monitored at six time intervals during the adapting process. Again asymmetric matching with Munsell samples was used. There were two distinct components to both the adaptation and recovery phases; one fast with time constant <1s, the other slow with time constant between 40 and 160s.
The experiments show that the special case of visual fade involving color represents the sensory basis for many color-related effects involving adaptation.
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