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Shaul Hochstein, Marina Pavlovskaya; Perceptual learning of ensemble and outlier perception. Journal of Vision 2020;20(8):13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.20.8.13.
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Previous studies have demonstrated a complex relationship between ensemble perception and outlier detection. We presented two array of heterogeneously oriented stimulus bars and different mean orientations and/or a bar with an outlier orientation, asking participants to discriminate the mean orientations or detect the outlier. Perceptual learning was found in every case, with improved performance accuracy and speeded responses. Testing for improved accuracy through cross-task transfer, we found considerable transfer from training outlier detection to mean discrimination performance, and none in the opposite direction. Implicit learning in terms of increased accuracy was not found in either direction when participants performed one task, and the second task's stimulus features were present. Reaction time improvement was found to transfer in all cases. This study adds to the already broad knowledge concerning perceptual learning and cross-task transfer of training effects.
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