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Goro Maehara, Ikuya Murakami; Perceptual enhancement of suprathreshold luminance modulation in stereoscopic patterns. Journal of Vision 2020;20(12):8. https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.20.12.8.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Previous studies have shown that the binocular summation of luminance contrast signals depends on the parameters involved in stereopsis when the luminance contrast is at the detection threshold. However, less attention has been paid to the perception of luminance modulation in stereoscopic patterns at suprathreshold contrast. To address this issue, we determined the contrast of stereoscopic patterns at the perceptual match to a standard contrast as a function of binocular disparity. The matched contrast was close to the standard contrast at 0 degrees disparity, but decreased as disparity deviated from 0 degrees, suggesting that sufficient disparity perceptually enhances luminance contrast. The reduction of matched contrast was more evident for uncrossed disparities than for crossed disparities, which almost disappeared when the contrast was near the threshold and also occurred when vertical disparity was introduced. We argue that the perceptual enhancement of the luminance contrast is due to the weaker interocular suppression for stimuli with large disparities.
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