Purchase this article with an account.
Mowei Shen, Yiling Zhou, Luo Chen, Jifan Zhou, Hui Chen; The postdictive effect of choice reflects the modulation of attention on choice. Journal of Vision 2020;20(13):1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.20.13.1.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Our conscious perception of the world is not an instantaneous, moment-by-moment construction. Rather, our perception of an event is influenced, over time, by information gained after the event; this is known as a postdictive effect. A recent study reported that this postdictive effect could occur even in choice. The present study sought to test whether the striking postdictive effect of choice reflects the modulation of attention on choice, by directly and systematically manipulating attention in two experiments. Specifically, Experiment 1 revealed that the robust postdictive effect of choice was almost completely eliminated when attentional bias was removed. More important, Experiment 2 demonstrated that the postdictive effect of choice could be modulated by directly manipulating participants’ attention with a spatial cue, in particular, when the cue appeared at short time delays. These results suggest that choice could be considerably postdictively influenced by attention and this effect was most pronounced within a short time window wherein decision making was most likely in progress. The current study not only enables clarification of the mechanism of the newly discovered postdictive effect of choice, but also extends evidence of the modulation of attention on decision making.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only