Purchase this article with an account.
Youngmin Song, Lydia Ouchene, Aarlenne Zein Khan; Saccadic adaptation in the presence of artificial central scotomas. Journal of Vision 2021;21(1):8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.21.1.8.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Saccadic adaptation can occur over a short period of time through a constant adjustment of the saccade target during the saccade, resulting in saccadic re-referencing, which directs the saccade to a location different from the target that elicited the saccade. Saccade re-referencing could be used to help patients with age-related macular degeneration to optimally use their residual visual function. However, it remains unknown whether saccade adaptation can take place in the presence of central scotomas (i.e., without central vision). We tested participants in two experiments in a conventional double-step paradigm with a central gaze-contingent artificial scotoma. Experiment 1 (N = 12) comprised a backward adaptation paradigm with no scotoma control, visible, and invisible 3° diameter scotoma conditions. Experiment 2 (N = 13) comprised a forward adaptation paradigm with no scotoma control, invisible 2°, and 4° diameter scotoma conditions. In Experiment 1, we observed significant adaptation in both the visible and invisible scotoma conditions comparable to the control condition with no scotoma. This was the case even when the saccade landed such that the target was occluded by the scotoma. We observed that adaptation occurred based on peripheral viewing of the stepped target during the deceleration period. In Experiment 2, we found that both scotoma conditions showed adaptation again comparable to the control condition with no scotoma. We conclude that saccadic adaptation can occur with central scotomas, showing that it does not require central vision and can be driven primarily by peripheral retinal error.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only