Purchase this article with an account.
Louise Kauffmann, Sarah Khazaz, Carole Peyrin, Nathalie Guyader; Isolated face features are sufficient to elicit ultra-rapid and involuntary orienting responses toward faces. Journal of Vision 2021;21(2):4. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.21.2.4.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Previous studies have shown that face stimuli influence the programming of eye movements by eliciting involuntary and extremely fast saccades toward them. The present study examined whether holistic processing of faces mediates these effects. We used a saccadic choice task in which participants were presented simultaneously with two images and had to perform a saccade toward the one containing a target stimulus (e.g., a face). Across three experiments, stimuli were altered via upside-down inversion (Experiment 1) or scrambling of thumbnails within the images (Experiments 2 and 3) in order to disrupt holistic processing. We found that disruption of holistic processing only had a limited impact on the latency of saccades toward face targets, which remained extremely short (minimum saccadic reaction times of only ∼120–130 ms), and did not affect the proportion of error saccades toward face distractors that captured attention more than other distractor categories. It, however, resulted in increasing error rate of saccades toward face targets. These results suggest that the processing of isolated face features is sufficient to elicit extremely fast and involuntary saccadic responses toward them. Holistic representations of faces may, however, be used as a search template to accurately detect faces.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only