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Sebastian Stabinger, David Peer, Justus Piater, Antonio Rodríguez-Sánchez; Evaluating the progress of deep learning for visual relational concepts. Journal of Vision 2021;21(11):8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.21.11.8.
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Convolutional neural networks have become the state-of-the-art method for image classification in the last 10 years. Despite the fact that they achieve superhuman classification accuracy on many popular datasets, they often perform much worse on more abstract image classification tasks. We will show that these difficult tasks are linked to relational concepts from cognitive psychology and that despite progress over the last few years, such relational reasoning tasks still remain difficult for current neural network architectures. We will review deep learning research that is linked to relational concept learning, even if it was not originally presented from this angle. Reviewing the current literature, we will argue that some form of attention will be an important component of future systems to solve relational tasks. In addition, we will point out the shortcomings of currently used datasets, and we will recommend steps to make future datasets more relevant for testing systems on relational reasoning.
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