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Kanon Fujimoto, Hiroshi Ashida; Postural adjustment as a function of scene orientation. Journal of Vision 2022;22(4):1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.22.4.1.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Visual orientation plays an important role in postural control, but the specific characteristics of postural response to orientation remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the relationship between postural response and the subjective visual vertical (SVV) as a function of scene orientation. We presented a virtual room including everyday objects through a head-mounted display and measured head tilt around the naso-occipital axis. The room orientation varied from 165° counterclockwise to 180° clockwise around the center of display in 15° increments. In a separate session, we also conducted a rod adjustment task to record the participant's SVV in the tilted room. We applied a weighted vector sum model to head tilt and SVV error and obtained the weight of three visual cues to orientation: frame, horizon, and polarity. We found significant contributions for all visual cues to head tilt and SVV error. For SVV error, frame cues made the largest contribution, whereas polarity contribution made the smallest. For head tilt, there was no clear difference across visual cue types, although the order of contribution was similar to the SVV. These findings suggest that multiple visual cues to orientation are involved in postural control and imply different representations of vertical orientation across postural control and perception.
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