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Xiaoxin Chen, Kennedy Hall, William R. Bobier, Benjamin Thompson, Arijit Chakraborty; Transcranial random noise stimulation and exercise do not modulate ocular dominance plasticity in adults with normal vision. Journal of Vision 2022;22(10):14. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.22.10.14.
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Short-term deprivation of one eye by monocular patching causes a temporary increase in the contribution of that eye to binocular vision when the eye patch is removed. This effect, known as ocular dominance plasticity, provides a model of neuroplasticity within the human binocular visual system. We investigated whether physical exercise and the non-invasive brain stimulation technique transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), two interventions that may increase visual cortex neuroplasticity, enhance ocular dominance plasticity when delivered individually or in combination. Ocular dominance was measured using a grating rivalry test and a dichoptic letter contrast polarity judgment test. We observed robust ocular dominance changes for both outcome measures following 2-hour monocular deprivation; however, the magnitude of the effect was not influenced by exercise or tRNS. Ocular dominance plasticity may already be maximal after 2 hours of monocular deprivation in those with normal vision and therefore cannot be augmented by interventions designed to enhance neuroplasticity.
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