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Xing Xing, Jeffrey A. Saunders; Perception of object motion during self-motion: Correlated biases in judgments of heading direction and object motion. Journal of Vision 2022;22(11):8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/jov.22.11.8.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
This study investigated the relationship between perceived heading direction and perceived motion of an independently moving object during self-motion. Using a dual task paradigm, we tested whether object motion judgments showed biases consistent with heading perception, both across conditions and from trial to trial. Subjects viewed simulated self-motion and estimated their heading direction (Experiment 1), or walked toward a target in virtual reality with conflicting physical and visual cues (Experiment 2). During self-motion, an independently moving object briefly appeared, with varied horizontal velocity, and observers judged whether the object was moving leftward or rightward. In Experiment 1, heading estimates showed an expected center bias, and object motion judgments showed corresponding biases. Trial-to-trial variations were also correlated: on trials with a more rightward heading bias, object motion judgments were consistent with a more rightward heading, and vice versa. In Experiment 2, we estimated the relative weighting of visual and physical cues in control of walking and object motion judgments. Both were strongly influenced by nonvisual cues, with less weighting for object motion (86% vs. 63%). There were also trial-to-trial correlations between biases in walking direction and object motion judgments. The results provide evidence that shared mechanisms contribute to heading perception and perception of object motion.
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