August 2023
Volume 23, Issue 9
Open Access
Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract  |   August 2023
Development of audio-tactile temporal binding with and without vision
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Maria Bianca Amadeo
    Italian Institute of Technology
  • Alessia Tonelli
    Italian Institute of Technology
  • Walter Setti
    Italian Institute of Technology
  • Carolina Tammurello
    Italian Institute of Technology
    Università degli studi di Genova
  • Claudio Campus
    Italian Institute of Technology
  • Monica Gori
    Italian Institute of Technology
  • Footnotes
    Acknowledgements  The research is supported by the MYSpace project (PI Monica Gori), which has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement No 948349).
Journal of Vision August 2023, Vol.23, 4836. doi:
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      Maria Bianca Amadeo, Alessia Tonelli, Walter Setti, Carolina Tammurello, Claudio Campus, Monica Gori; Development of audio-tactile temporal binding with and without vision. Journal of Vision 2023;23(9):4836.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

In every moment, our brain processes a multitude of sensory information that needs to be integrated, separated, and ordered in space and time to derive a coherent representation of the environment. Since the lack of one modality can modify the development of the remaining modalities in terms of both unisensory and multisensory processes, the present study aims at investigating the development of audio-tactile temporal processing with and without vision. We asked 20 sighted and 20 visually impaired children aged between 6 and 15 years old, and 15 sighted and 15 visually impaired adults, to perform an audio-tactile temporal order judgment task. Participants were presented with pairs of audio-tactile stimuli with different onset asynchronies and had to judge which stimulus appeared first. To explore the possible role of the relative spatial position from which the stimuli were presented, audio-tactile stimuli could be delivered from either the same hand or different hands of participants. The temporal binding window (TBW), a timeframe within which multiple stimuli are highly likely to be perceived as one, was extracted for each participant and compared across groups. Preliminary results showed that the TBW of sighted children was significantly wider than the age-matched visually impaired children, specifically when stimuli came from the same location in space. Extended TBW indicates more imprecise temporal coding of sensory stimuli. Instead, no differences were found between either the two groups of adults, and visually impaired children and adults. These findings support the hypothesis of cross-modal compensation after sensory deprivation. Visually impaired children may compensate for lack of vision by optimizing audio-tactile temporal binding earlier.


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