September 2023
Volume 23, Issue 11
Open Access
Optica Fall Vision Meeting Abstract  |   September 2023
Poster Session: Deep retinal laser lesions recruit resident microglia without involvement of labeled neutrophils
Author Affiliations
  • Derek Power
    University of Rochester, Center for Visual Science
  • Jesse Schallek
    University of Rochester, Center for Visual Science
    University of Rochester, Flaum Eye Institute
Journal of Vision September 2023, Vol.23, 65. doi:
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      Derek Power, Jesse Schallek; Poster Session: Deep retinal laser lesions recruit resident microglia without involvement of labeled neutrophils. Journal of Vision 2023;23(11):65.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Adaptive Optics Scanning Light Ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO) has revealed the in-vivo behaviors of single immune cells (Joseph et al., 2020). Here, we study the cellular immune response to a laser lesion targeting the outer retina. Using fluorescence AOSLO, we tracked microglia (Cx3CR1, GFP transgenic mice) and neutrophils (LY-6G-647 nm antibody). 1 hour, 24 hour and 72 hour time points were tracked in 5 mice. Lesions were induced by focusing light onto the photoreceptors for 3 minutes (488 nm, 1.12 mW, 24x1 µm). In response to light exposure, OCT images revealed focal brightening in the outer nuclear layer (ONL) through RPE within 30 minutes. Inner layers had no evidence of structural change. Motion contrast AOSLO showed capillary perfusion was maintained post-insult. Histology revealed loss of photoreceptor nuclei at lesion sites within 7 days post-lesion (n=1 mouse, 2 lesions). AOSLO showed Cx3CR1+ cells swarming the ONL as early as 24 hours with waning aggregation through 72 hours post-lesion. Despite microglia swarming, we did not find evidence for neutrophil arrival (n=2 mice, 2 lesions) up to 72 hours post-insult. This study shows resident immune cells aggregate into deeper layers with few labeled neutrophils suggesting the importance and lasting duration of resident microglia for efferocytosis in response to damage.

 Funding: Funding: NIH Grant R01 EY028293, P30 EY001319, Career Development Award, Career Advancement Award (Schallek) and Unrestricted Grant to the University of Rochester Department of Ophthalmology from Research to Prevent Blindness, New York, New York , and a research collaboration grant from Genentech Inc.

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