December 2023
Volume 23, Issue 15
Open Access
Optica Fall Vision Meeting Abstract  |   December 2023
Poster Session II: The impact of eye’s longitudinal chromatic aberration on visual acuity and accommodation response
Author Affiliations
  • Tianlun Zou
    Center for Visual Science, The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester
  • Sara Aissati
    Center for Visual Science, Flaum Eye Institute University of Rochester
  • Susana Marcos
    Center for Visual Science, Institute of Optics, Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester
Journal of Vision December 2023, Vol.23, 62. doi:
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      Tianlun Zou, Sara Aissati, Susana Marcos; Poster Session II: The impact of eye’s longitudinal chromatic aberration on visual acuity and accommodation response. Journal of Vision 2023;23(15):62.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Chromatic composition of displays might affect vision and accommodation,possibly influencing myopia development.We investigated differences in visual acuity(VA) and accommodative lag(AccL) for steady accommodative demands (up to 5D,1D steps) with visual stimuli illuminated by monochromatic wavelengths (mono-λ 480,555&630nm,3nm bandwidth) and white light (WL).Data was obtained on 3 young emmetrope using an Adaptive Optics system with a supercontinuum laser,a DMD for stimuli,and a optunable lens to change vergence.Best focus for far was set at 555nm.VA was measured using QUEST(tumbling E).AccL was obtained from the peak shift of through-focus Visual Strehl,calculated from HS aberrometry.All subjects showed myopic shifts in blue consistent with longitudinal chromatic aberration.However,the response to wavelength differed across subjects.S#1 showed a sustained VA across distances(average VA standard deviation 0.054,-0.005logMAR),low AccL(slope:0.3 D/D) and systematic SA negative shift (slope:-0.04um/D),similar across mono-λ and WL.S#2 showed a more sustained VA,lower AccL and higher SA change in blue (0.09logMAR std,0.3D/D,-0.02um/D) than in WL(0.14logMAR std,0.52D/D,-0.013um/D).S#3 showed a steeper decrease in VA at near and higher AccL for mono-λ(0.218logMAR std,0.78D/D,on average)than in WL(0.05logMAR std,0.38D/D).Different subjects use chromatic cues in different ways to accommodate,likely affected by the interplay of chromatic blur,depth-of-focus and defocus sign perception.

 Funding: Funding: Funding: P30 Core Grant EY001319-46, Unrestricted Grant Research to Prevent Blindness (Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester NY), Meta Reality Labs, National Institutes of Health-NEI R01 EY35009

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