December 2023
Volume 23, Issue 15
Open Access
Optica Fall Vision Meeting Abstract  |   December 2023
Poster Session II: SSVEP measurements of color and spatial frequency response in V1
Author Affiliations
  • Alex Carter
    University of York
  • Daniel H. Baker
    University of York
  • Antony B. Morland
    University of York
  • Abbie J. Lawton
    University of York
  • Alex R. Wade
    University of York
Journal of Vision December 2023, Vol.23, 50. doi:
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      Alex Carter, Daniel H. Baker, Antony B. Morland, Abbie J. Lawton, Alex R. Wade; Poster Session II: SSVEP measurements of color and spatial frequency response in V1. Journal of Vision 2023;23(15):50.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Intro: Recent work from our group (Segala et al, eLife, 2023) shows that the rules for binocular luminance signal combination depend on spatial frequency (SF). Structured patterns show strong interocular suppression while unstructured inputs (mean field disks) do not. Here, we used SSVEPs to ask if SF dependence is also found in chromatic pathways. Methods: SSVEPs were recorded from 12 subjects using a canonical V1 template (Poncet & Ales, 2023). Eyes were targeted using shutter goggles and stimuli were contrast-reversing gratings or disks at 5Hz (left eye) and 7Hz (right eye). Experimental factors were stimulus SF (disk, grating 1cpd), chromaticity (LMS, L-M or S-cone isolating) and ocularity (left, right or both). Results: Monocular conditions generated large responses at 2F. In binocular conditions, all 2F responses showed suppression, and significant intermodulation (IM) terms (sums and differences of the inputs - e.g., 2Hz) were present. The magnitude of both suppression and IM in the binocular condition depended on SF and chromaticity; IM amplitudes were higher for gratings compared to disks in the luminance condition, but higher for disks compared to gratings in the chromatic conditions. Overall we found significant differences in the spectral response signatures across all stimulus combinations. Conclusion: All inputs undergo binocular combination in V1 but the rules governing the combination appear to depend on both chromaticity and SF.

 Funding: Funding: None

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